Guidelines for Temporary Dismissals (Sin Bins)
Temporary dismissals, most commonly known as Sin Bins, will come into force in the Southern Counties East Football League Premier Division, Southern Counties East Football League First Division this coming season, after a successful trial season.
The entire Kent County League used temporary dismissals last season and proved to be a success in curbing dissent towards match officials.
Here are the guidelines that have been published by The International Football Association Board (IFAB).
Guidelines for temporary dismissals (sin bins)
The 131st AGM of The IFAB held in London on 3rd March 2017 approved the use of temporary dismissals (sin bins) for all or some cautions/yellow cards (YCs) in youth, veterans, disability and grassroots football, subject to the approval of the competition’s national FA, confederation or FIFA, whichever is appropriate.
Reference to temporary dismissals is found in:
Law 5 – The Referee (Powers and duties):
The referee has the power to show yellow or red cards and, where competition rules permit, temporarily dismiss a player, from entering the field at the start of the match until after the match has ended, including during the half-time interval, extra time and kicks from the penalty mark.
A temporary dismissal is when a player commits a cautionable (YC) offence and is punished by an immediate ‘suspension’ from participating in the next part of that match. The philosophy is that an ‘instant punishment’ can have a significant and immediate positive influence on the behaviour of the offending player and, potentially, the player’s team.
The national FA, confederation or FIFA should approve (for publication in the competition rules) a temporary dismissal protocol within the following guidelines:
- Temporary dismissals apply to all players (including goalkeepers) but not for cautionable offences (YCs) committed by a substitute or substituted player
- The referee will indicate a temporary dismissal by showing a yellow card (YC) and then clearly pointing with both arms to the temporary dismissal area (usually the player’s technical area)
The temporary dismissal period
- The length of the temporary dismissal is the same for all offences
- The length of the temporary dismissal should be between 10–15% of the total playing time (e.g. 10 minutes in a 90-minute match; 8 minutes in an 80-minute match)
- The temporary dismissal period begins when play restarts after the player has left the field of play
- The referee should include in the temporary dismissal period any time ‘lost’ for a stoppage for which ‘additional time’ will be allowed at the end of the half (e.g. substitution, injury etc...)
- Competitions must decide who will help the referee time the dismissal period – it could be the responsibility of a delegate, 4th official or neutral assistant referee; conversely it could be a team official
- Once the temporary dismissal period has been completed, the player can return from the touchline with the referee’s permission, which can be given while the ball is in play
- The referee has the final decision as to when the player can return
- A temporarily dismissed player can not be substituted until the end of the temporary dismissal period (but not if the team has used all its permitted substitutes)
- If a temporary dismissal period has not been completed at the end of the first half (or the end of the second half when extra time is to be played) the remaining part of the temporary dismissal period is served from the start of the second half (start of extra time)
- A player who is still serving a temporary dismissal at the end of the match is permitted to take part in kicks from the penalty mark (penalties)
Temporary dismissal area
- A temporarily dismissed player should remain within the technical area (where one exists) or with the team’s coach/technical staff, unless ‘warming up’ (under the same conditions as a substitute)
Offences during a temporary dismissal
- A temporarily dismissed player who commits a cautionable (YC) or sending-off (RC) offence during their temporary dismissal period will take no further part in the match and may not be replaced or substituted
Further disciplinary action
- Competitions/national FAs will decide if temporary dismissals must be reported to the appropriate authorities and whether any further disciplinary action may be taken e.g. suspension for accumulating a number of temporary dismissals, as with cautions (YCs)
Temporary dismissal systems
A competition may use one of the following temporary dismissal systems:
- System A – for all cautions (YCs)
- System B – for some but not all cautions (YCs)
System A – temporary dismissal for all cautions (YCs)
- All cautions (YCs) are punished with a temporary dismissal
- A player who receives a second caution (YC) in the same match:
- will receive a second temporary dismissal and then takes no further part in the match
- may be replaced by a substitute at the end of the second temporary dismissal period if the player’s team has not used its maximum number of substitutes (this is because the team has already been ‘punished’ by playing without that player for 2 x temporary dismissal periods)
PLEASE NOTE: The FA have chosen for ‘System B’ only, as from the 19/20 season, and specifically for Dissent Cautions only.
System B – temporary dismissal for some but not all cautions (YCs)*
- A pre-defined list of cautionable (YC) offences will be punished by a temporary dismissal
- All other cautionable offences are punished with a caution (YC)
- A player who has been temporarily dismissed and then receives a caution (YC) continues playing
- A player who has received a caution (YC) and then receives a temporary dismissal can continue playing after the end of the temporary dismissal period
- A player who receives a second temporary dismissal in the same match will serve the temporary dismissal and then takes no further part in the match. The player may be replaced by a substitute at the end of the second temporary dismissal period if the player’s team has not used its maximum number of substitutes but a player who has also received a non-temporary dismissal caution (YC) may not be replaced or substituted
- A player who receives a second caution (YC) in the same match will be sent off and takes no further part in the match and may not be replaced/substituted
*Some competitions may find it valuable to use temporary dismissals only for cautions (YCs) for offences relating to ‘inappropriate’ behaviour, e.g.
- Deliberately delaying the opposing team’s restart of the match
- Dissent or verbal comments or gestures
- Stopping a promising attack by holding, pulling, pushing or handball
- Kicker illegally feinting at a penalty kick